Reasonably choose the way of material handling
During the process of material/product handling, it is necessary to choose a reasonable handling method according to the characteristics of different materials. Whether to use centralized or bulk handling depends on the characteristics of the materials. For example, for granular materials such as ore and chemical raw materials, bulk handling is preferred when handling the same kind of materials.
Reduce the ineffective handling of material handling
The main manifestation of ineffective handling is that the material handling frequency is too high.
Excessive handling of materials will increase costs, slow down the speed of material circulation in the entire enterprise, and increase the possibility of material damage. Therefore, when handling material, it is important to cancel or merge certain steps as much as possible.
Scientific handling of material handling and lifting operations
Scientific handling refers to ensuring that the material is intact and not damaged during the handling process, avoiding barbaric operations, and ensuring the personal safety of the handling personnel. When using material handling and lifting equipment and facilities, it is important to pay attention to their load capacity and use them within the allowable range, and overloading or exceeding the limit is strictly prohibited.
Coordinate handling and other operations of material handling
Material/product handling and other operations require overall planning, coordination, and unity to fully utilize the role of material handling as a link.
To achieve the coordination between material handling and other operations, standardization can be achieved through standardized operations. Standardization of material handling refers to the development of a unified standard for the procedures, equipment, facilities, and material units for material handling. With a unified standard, it is more convenient to coordinate handling and other operations.
Combining unit loading and systemized operation for material handling
During material handling, it is recommended to use pallets and containers for handling activities as much as possible. Pallets separate materials from each other, making classification easier and more flexible. Containers gather a large number of unitized materials that can be handled by mechanical equipment, making the process more efficient.
Material handling achieved through mechanical equipment for large-scale operations
Mechanical equipment can handle a large amount of work, resulting in economies of scale. Therefore, under suitable conditions, using mechanical equipment instead of manual labor can effectively improve the efficiency of material handling and reduce handling costs.
Use gravity for material handling
During material handling, it is important to consider the gravity factor and make use of it. Using gravity means taking advantage of the height difference. Simple tools such as chutes and slide plates can be used to allow materials to slide down automatically from high places, reducing labor consumption.